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Offline weydevu

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neutrino particiles
« on: October 07, 2021, 13:49:56 pm »
Ron I was looking at PBS last night and they had a program on about neutrinos, I've seen some of it before but never question it in my mind. Now that I've become more interested in ultimatons, what are neutrinos in comparison to ultimatons? By their definition they sound similar.  I look it up on the internet and here's what I found:

1. What is a Neutrino?

Neutrinos are subatomic particles with no electric charge and negligible mass which is taken to be zero. It is a neutral particle smaller than neutrons. Neutrinos are from the family of leptons which are known to have very weak interactions. The rest mass of neutrinos is taken as zero and it has ½ units spin. Naturally, it occurs in nuclear fusion taking place in the sun. It also occurs in the nuclear reactors during nuclear fission and when cosmic rays strike atomic particles. 

A neutrino can be defined as an elementary subatomic particle with no charge and 1/2 unit spin. They are fermions that react via weak interaction and gravity. Neutrino has rest mass is almost negligible hence considered to be zero. The rest mass of the neutrino is much less in comparison to other elementary particles. Wolfgang Pauli discovered neutrino in 1930, and the name was popularised by the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi. Neutrinos, which in Italian means “the little neutral ones” are electrically neutral particles, and their size is smaller than that of the neutrons. Here’s what you always wanted to know about neutrinos. 

Neutrino Hypothesis
Alpha and beta rays were discovered in 1899 by Rutherford. A study of radioactive disintegrations led to the conclusion that alpha rays were ‘monokinetic’ and consumed the entire energy available in the decay. Beta rays on the other hand took a certain part of the energy of the entire decay. This created a contradiction with the conservation of energy law. The missing energy led Neil Bohr to propose that the conservation of energy law was not prevalent in all cases. This was a mortal sin for physicists. 

A physicist Wolfgang Pauli postulated the existence of an electrically neutral particle that is emitted with a beta particle in beta decay was a hypothetical third body that took the extra energy which was not taken by the beta particle. Hence, the law of conservation of energy was saved. This hypothesis found support from Enrico Fermi, an Italian physicist. The conference of Solvay in 1933 proposed that an electron-neutrino pair is spontaneously produced by the nucleus during beta decay. Francis Perrin suggested that such a particle would have zero mass and would be lightweight even by comparison with an electron.

Figure: Neutrinos- The super-fast subatomic particles of the universe

Properties of Neutrino
The properties of the subatomic particle neutrino are as follow:
  • Neutrinos belong to the family of leptons. This particle family has weak interactive forces. 
  • Neutrinos are of three kinds depending upon the charged lepton they are associated with. These charged leptons are the electron, the muon and the tau. The associated electrons are named electron-neutrino, muon-neutrino, and tau-neutrino. 
  • A neutrino also has an antimatter component known as an antineutrino. Neutrino and antineutrino together comprise a hot area of research in modern physics. 
  • Neutrinos are not affected by electromagnetic forces and hence, do not cause ionization of matter. 
  • Neutrinos react with matter only through extremely weak interactive forces.
  • They are capable of passing through an enormous number of atoms without causing any reaction and hence they are the most penetrating subatomic particle.
  • Neutrinos can change a nucleus into another and this process is used in a radiochemical neutrino detector.
Types of Neutrinos
As mentioned earlier, neutrinos are of three types or flavours and each of them has its respective properties. The first discovered neutrino is the electron-neutrino. Electron-neutrino has no electric charge and mass. It was discovered by Wolfgang Pauli to satisfy the energy loss in the process of radioactive beta decay. This particle is emitted along with a positron in positive beta decay. For negative beta decay, an electron with its antimatter particle that is an antineutrino is emitted.

Post the discovery of the second charge lepton, the muon, eventual identification of the second type of neutrino, the muon-neutrino started. On the basis of the results of a particle-accelerator experiment, high energy muon-neutrinos were discovered in 1962. They were produced from the decay of pi-meson. Though usually unreactive like other neutrinos, sometimes muon-neutrino reacts with protons and neutrons to produce muons.

In 2000, physicists experimentally showed the first evidence of the existence of the tau-neutrino. It was after the discovery of the tau leptons.

There are many active research areas involving neutrinos. Neutrino properties, testing predictions of their behaviour, and masses and rates of CP violation which is still unpredicted from the current theories. These subatomic particles are indispensable for the validation of the law of conservation of energy. They are related to radioactivity and play a very important role in nuclear physics. Knowledge of neutrinos and their properties enable physicists to understand the dynamics of several nuclear reactions.  

Did You Know?
Extra-terrestrial sources of neutrinos are a subject of infancy. The only extra-terrestrial sources as reported till 2018 are the sun and the supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Neutrino astronomy is a branch of astronomy in which astronomical objects are observed with the help of neutrino detectors in a special observatory. Radioactive decay and nuclear reactions take place in the sun which is similar to the ones taking place in nuclear reactors or when atoms are hit by cosmic rays. This enables us to study processes that are taking place in space. The processes which are inaccessible to the optical telescopes can be observed by neutrinos due to their extremely weak interactions.

Thank you for work for the world knows not.


Offline Ron Besser

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Re: neutrino particiles
« Reply #1 on: November 11, 2023, 11:18:28 am »
This is Ron speaking on this subject November 11th, 2023 and that is because the entire subject of the NEUTRINO is a subject very few can consider ever to easily understand as the role of the Neutrino.  I am in liaison with a master experiment of truth called RAYSON.  Rayson knows preparticles backwards and forewards and wish to express something here to help clarify the role of a the sub-sub preparticle called a NEUTRINO.

RAYSON speaks:  "I am a Deity of the Magisterial Son variety.  Magisterial Sons do most of the expansion work in the Master Universe to provide information that cannot be found by experimentation.  For that reason I state this:

"NEUTRINOS are truly existing, but man will never fully understand them without understanding the ULTIMATON.  The ULTIMATON is a tiny energy which invades the NEUTRINO totally, and without any good reason we know of, insist on bonding themselves into a proton-like particle first, then convert that particle type to a neutron without charge again.  I  have no real opportunity to speak deeply to this  at this time, but let it be known that a NEUTRINO is worth about a dollar a pound in the Master Universe, as they do not appear to have a deep or positive function except to show high speed motion and seem to be everywhere.  Ron says to me, that description sounds like God using them as a packing material in space, and could they be the result of space expansion or cause space space expansion?

"Ron as usual you are right on I believe.  Only you seem to have a sense of time and space with preparticles roaming the by ways of space to produce a positive spin for the idea of space being alive and seeking expansion of its medium to maintain a viable space universe.  Portions of this Master Universe do not  contain normal space, and for that reason you reason you figure it has something to do with the addition of sub-normal realities being present while the universe goes about building new area into existence with space in those new areas freshly opened for development as belonging to the Master Universe.

"I tend to shy away from the human idea of "building," but that is what is going on in the outer space levels starting at the wall of Galaxies and going forth outward to non-spatial areas currently observed here too.  For that reason I say to these students of the universe increasing in volume and more than just size, but also increasing in complexity.  For that reason let us state the following regarding the NEUTRINO

"The NEUTRINO is a sub-atomic particle that atoms do not incorporate into their bodies, and we assume the Neutrino is just like any other preparticle, but has the work of substrating its work into a prior moment of creation we are not aware of, and for that reason, the Neutrino is lost to formation of matter, but is a preparatory particle to build out the idea of space itself.  That fits your idea of "packing material" being present in space itself to prepare for space extension into spaceless areas of the Master Universe itself.  K    I am RAYSON at your service. K"

Ron - Thank you for speaking with us this morning Rayson, and I greatly appreciate giving us a human language idea about the Neutrino.  I also have to leave it here as I cannot imagine what else could be said about the Neutrino at this time in our own development of mind, as the idea of  these particles acting as a means for space development into areas that do not yet have space in them, is challenging beyond words, although I am aware that space is an endowment, I do not quite understand how space itself can be modified by the Deities themselves, if they must provide space areas for the development of life.  Placing life in space is a whole different medium of thought too. 

Thank you all for reading along.

Located in Historic York, Pennsylvania

Offline weydevu

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Re: neutrino particiles
« Reply #2 on: November 14, 2023, 12:58:08 pm »
Hey Ron , thank you for the post, I didn't even realize that I had ask a question about it two years ago until I look at the full page. I also remember reading that scientist were doing experiments in  underground caverns with a built in huge tank of water to measure the flow of neutrino particles through the earth. 

As the old saying goes 'If you really want to know something, ask for it, it will be answered eventually? Thank you.